Hi,

this is my fortinet CheatSheet created for version 5.6:

General Information

NTP Status

diagnose sys ntp status

ARP table

diagnose ip arp list

routing table

show active routing table

get router info routing-table all

show all configured routes

get router info routing-table database

show NAT table

get system session list

VPN

Phase1

show phase1

diag vpn ike gateway list name <name_of_phase1>

clear phase1

diag vpn ike gateway clear name <name_of_phase1>

Phase2

show phase2

diag vpn tunnel list name <name_of_phase1>

bring phase2 up/down

diag vpn tunnel up   <name_of_phase2>
diag vpn tunnel down <name_of_phase2>

reset phase2

diag vpn tunnel reset <name_of_phase1>

show vpn logs

diagnose debug reset                                            # reset the debug settings
diagnose vpn ike log-filter clear                               # clear the logfilter
diagnose vpn ike log-filter dst-addr4 <REMOTE_VPN_GATEWAY_IP>   # set a filter to only show logs to the given gateway
diagnose debug app ike 255                                      # set the IKE log level to 255 (loglevel below)
diagnose debug enable                                           # enable the debug log
diagnose debug disable                                          # disable the debug log

IKE log level -1 or 255 means all message of debug in Phase1/2. But there are more debug levels for specific information: 2 Shows config changes 4 Shows connections which will be established 8 Only Phase-1 as Phase-2 comunications messages 16 Shows only NAT-T (Nat-Traversal) 32 Shows only DPD 64 Shows only Encryption/Decryption Key’s 128 Shows only Encryption Traffic payload You can build also a sum of the log level you interested in.

Packet Sniffer

# syntax
diagnose sniffer packet <interface_name> <‘filter’> [<verbose>] [<count>] [<time_zone>]
#example
diagnose sniffer packet any 'host 8.8.8.8' 4

interface
any means all interfaces or the interface name count slow only package up to the count limit. Zero means no limit. time_zone a = UTC time l = local time (default)

Filter

# syntax
'[ [src|dst] host<host_name_or_IP1> ] [ [src|dst] host<host_name_or_IP2>] [ [arp|ip|gre|esp|udp|tcp] [port_no] ] [ [arp|ip|gre|esp|udp|tcp] [port_no] ]'

Examples

Not Port 443              = '!port 443'
Port 443                  = 'port 443'
Host                      = 'host 192.168.1.1'
Host und Host             = 'host 192.168.1.1 and host 192.168.1.2'
Host und Port 443         = 'host 192.168.1.1 and port 443'
Host und nicht Port 443   = 'host 192.168.1.1 and !port 443'
Host oder Port 443        = 'host 192.168.1.1 or port 443'
only udp Traffic          = 'udp'
only SYN Flag             = 'tcp[13]&2==2'
only ARP Packete          = 'arp' 
no filter                 = none

verbose

   1 - Shows the header of a packet (default)
   2 - Shows the header and data of IP packets
   3 - Shows the header and data of  Ethernet Packets (Frames ACSII und HEX)
   4 - Shows the header and Interface Name of Packets
   5 - Shows the header and data of IP Packets with Interface Name
   6 - Shows the header and of Ethernet Packets with Interface Name

Flow

diagnose debug reset                                          # reset the diagnose output
diagnose debug flow filter daddr <dest_IP>                    # limit the output to the destination address
diagnose debug enable                                         # enable the debug output
diagnose debug flow trace start 10                            # display the next 10 packets, after that, disable the flow
diagnose debug disable                                        # disable the debug log

HA

show HA status

diagnose sys ha status

verify the HA sync status

show the checksum of the configuration

diagnose sys ha checksum show

switch to the slave

execute ha manage ?                # show devices
execute ha manage <device-index>   # switch to the slave

Force Failover

diagnose sys ha reset-uptime

Fortinet have no “ha change” command. We need to reset the uptime with the command or change the prio.

Performace

Performace overview

get system performance status

TOP

diagnose sys top